Basic Types of Photography Lighting

Lighting is an important part of good photography. It is an existing tool, which a photographer needs to exploit to take some of the best pictures. The type of lighting decides the mood of the photograph and the texture it might get. A light effect can make or break your shot. For amateur and avid outdoor photographers, natural light is the only available light source. Thus, it is very important to understand the types of photography lighting and how it can affect your photographs. Lighting with respect to photography is one such subject which most photographers continue to study even after taking some of the prize winning pictures. So read on to know what are some of the types of lighting in photography.

Types of Lighting in Photography

Outdoor Lighting
The way the light falls on a subject and the way you to use it, will decide the color, quality and the texture of the photograph. In a photo studio these factors can be controlled. However, when you are shooting outdoors neither the source of the light, nor the subject can be controlled. Hence you need to know exactly how to exploit the natural light resource. The natural light sources such as sunlight keeps changing by the hour. It also changes as per the seasons and the weather conditions. Constant changes in outdoor lighting can bring about changes in the tones, colors, shades, shapes and forms of your subject. Remember that the direction of the light changes with movement of the clouds too. Strong and direct outdoor sunlight produces sharp shadows and well-defined photographs. However, if the sunlight is diffused by mist, pollution or haze then it may produce weaker shadows and diffused highlights. Thus, to get the perfect shots, one needs to study the outdoor lighting for a day or two.

Side Lighting
Changes in lighting produce some very interesting effects. Side lighting is a natural lighting effect which highlights only one side of your subject. It creates a natural shading effect on your subjects, drawing attention to the most visible parts and adding a tinge of intrigue to parts which fade into the darkness. So get this effect, watch the movement of the sun and its effect on the subject. You can either change the angle of your camera or wait for the sun to move. As light predominantly falls on one side of the subject, it creates sharper shadows or diffused effect on the opposite side. Playing with side lighting gets easier and you can master the art of using outdoor lighting to your advantage.

Backlighting
Backlight is one of the basic light effects that a photographer needs to understand. When the light source comes directly on the camera, such that it illuminates the subject’s back, the source is known as a backlight. Outdoor shoots use backlight to capture some of the best silhouettes. You may require a reflector or fill-in flash to make the silhouette stand out. Avoid exposing the camera lens of the direct source of light to prevent lens flare.

Existing Light
Existing light is the type of light which is naturally available. For instance, lights from tables, floors, and ceiling lights, neon signs, windows, skylights, candles, fireplaces, auto mobile headlights, moonlight and twilight are considered as existing sources of light. Photographs taken in such kind of lighting look absolutely natural. Existing lighting allows a photographer to take some of the candid shots wherein the subject can be captured at its best. The pictures taken in this kind of lighting are pleasing to the eye as well, as it provides a soft texture of candid photography.

Diffuse Lighting
Diffused lighting is a softer lighter, which is usually used to create drama in photographs. This type of lighting brings out certain aspects of the subject, which are often lost in bright lighting. Light effect during cloudy weather, early morning light, twilight or single source of light create diffuse lighting effect. This creates pictures which have dull outlines, thereby giving it a softer feel. To create your own diffuse lighting effect, place an umbrella in front of your light source.

Three Point Lighting
Three point lighting is a kind of lighting wherein there are three sources of lights. Front or key lighting, side and backlighting is the combination of a three point lighting. With varying angles of these light effects, a photographer can create desired shadows or take well-defined pictures. A backlight makes the subject stand out against the backdrop, while the front light helps in providing much-needed illumination for the subject.

Visualization is the key for using these light sources to your advantage. If you can imagine how you want your picture to look like, then understanding the effects these lights create would be very easy.

Types of Photographers

A keen eye and an opportunistic mind are the basic elements which are required to produce some of the best photographs of the world. Saying that the field of photography is a diverse one would be an understatement. Nevertheless, let’s have a look at the various types, in brief.

Fashion Photographers
One of the most lucrative photography careers is the genre of fashion photography. The work is related to fashion shows, magazines, publications, etc. These photographers serve as a visual means of communication between the fashion world and the masses. Fashion photographers do the work of presenting the feel of the clothes and accessories, which are projected by fashion models.

Portrait Photographers
These photographers generally have studios as their work place. They work on individual and family portraits. Portrait photography is more in demand with respect to occasions like graduation day, birthday parties, vacations, etc.

Wedding Photographers
Weddings are all about moments; moments of happiness, surprise, nervousness, etc. That is the reason why these photographers are trained in capturing some of the most special moments, and in a variety of creative ways. Some people still prefer the traditional ways of getting their photographs, by standing still and wearing a smile, while most couples nowadays, prefer getting their big day photographed just the way it goes.

Events Photographers
These are professionals who have dedicated their knowledge and skill in containing moments of actions or events in their lenses. Event photography may deal with working on sports, political events, human conditions, traveling, etc.

Object Photographers
These photographers are ones who have a deep inclination towards the culinary world. They do the magic of carrying the delicious feel of various recipes, presenting them for catalogs, magazines, marketing publication, and finally bringing them to us. Although the job may seem to appear to be quite easy and fun, it is at the same time loaded with challenges. Objects or food photographers not only have to make the photographs appealing, they have to make them appear fresh in the magazines.

Nature Photographers
With a personal view, these photographers are well-versed with the keenest of sense and magnitude, to bring out the most ordinary look of mother nature, in the most extraordinary and unique ways.

So, as you can see, there is no limit to the types of photographers, given that there are so many dimensions in this career. What is appreciable about this art is that it has branched out in so many forms, and each of these forms are dedicated to different spheres of life.

Basic Guidelines about Photography

A photograph is not always a representation of what is seen, in fact, it often conveys many thoughts or ideas that are far apart from reality. The argument ‘can a photograph speak much more than words?’ remains till today. Well, this is surely an issue which also completely depends on the photograph.

Photography is not just about having the right equipment or studying the most advanced courses. A good photographer requires skill and keen powers of observation to be able to capture the best frame. Today, photography has surely advanced to higher proportions. It is no longer just a hobby, this is one of the most sought-after professions in recent times. To be a successful photographer requires practice, observation, the right equipment, and a little bit of ‘lady luck’ at times! If you have a keen interest in photography, then take a look at these techniques and tips that will act as your basic guide in the world of photography.

Basic Guidelines about Photography

The popularity of digital photography has led to newer inventions and improvements of the digital camera. The developments of these models have led to more and more people being introduced to this artistic medium. Often, digital cameras are the most in demand when it comes to the average traveler. But many photographers still prefer to use SLR cameras and choose the old-fashioned way to capture frames on film. The excitement of the photograph coming to life in a darkroom cannot be compared to the modern medium. This beginners guide to photography mentions some important points in relation to technical aspects as well as those from an artistic point of view.

Aperture Settings
Knowing accurate aperture settings is possible only with practice. This is particularly when photographers prefer to opt for the manual mode. A small aperture setting simply means more light can pass through the lens. A higher aperture setting means quite the opposite, less light can pass through the lens. Aperture settings are very important to control the actual lighting of a photograph. This always goes hand-in-hand with the shutter speed of a camera.

Shutter Speed
On manual cameras, shutter speeds are set in a dial on the top frame. By adjusting the shutter speed, one can control the time for which the shutter remains open when a photographer clicks a picture. Fast shutter speeds do not give the problem of ‘camera shake’. However, in low light, a photographer may need to open the aperture more and keep the shutter on a low speed. This is when there are more chances of a ‘camera shake’ due to low light. To get rid of this problem, photographers use the tripod stand for better photographs in the night hours.

Film Speed
Every film available has a speed rating. This is indicated in terms of ISO or ASA. This term is always affixed with the speed of the film, for example, 100 ISO/ASA or 400 ISO/ASA. The higher the number of the film, the lesser the amount of light required for a photograph. Therefore, films with a higher ISO/ASA can be used for low light situations. Films with a low number are meant for daylight. This is because the film is relatively low in terms of sensitivity.

Understand Light and Color
A good photographer should be able to understand the effect of light for a photograph. A person with good powers of observation will be able to understand the required amount of light needed for a stunning photograph. When there is too much light, the ultimate result will be a washed-out effect. When there is very little light, the photograph may appear unclear without the required amount of exposure. Observe and study works of famous photographers to understand the importance of light and the subsequent effect it has on colors.

Focus on Composition
Look at the subject in various angles. Try to think differently. Often, a beginner to photography tries to capture a scene without thinking about the different possibilities. If you are attempting nature photography, for example, try to look at the center focus from different points of view. This will help to hone the skills of looking at objects from various angles, and develop the ability to click the best possible composition.

As a photographer, you can study and observe the various genres of photography to be able to understand the kind of subject you are basically comfortable with. Practice and creativity will help you to sharpen your skills and turn yourself into a complete professional. Always allow your creativity to flow. The results will show for sure. Best of luck!