Tips for Editorial Photography

They say a picture is worth a thousand words, and photography serves as the perfect medium for these words. The beauty of a photograph is the fact that it isn’t merely another piece of art or some random words put together, in fact every single photograph is a moment forever preserved in time. Photography finds its place and is very much an integral part of many an industry, right from toy makers using it to sell their products, to super luxurious car makers selling their top cars. Photography isn’t just restricted to selling a product, but can also be a very powerful tool in trying to convey a message or to add to a message.

Editorial Photography

Photography which is not aimed at selling a particular product or intended to advertise anything commercial is called editorial photography. This field is rather vast and spans across almost all topics imaginable, right from still photography aimed at adding to the appeal of any literature or poem, to medical photography which tries to explain some rather serious matters about health. These photographs could either speak entirely for themselves, or, as they are often used, may be used to better portray a subject.They could be used in print and written media or used for online and web content. Editorial photography serves as a perfect platform for ardent photography fans and budding shutterbugs, as they prepare to get into the field of commercial photography. As opposed to commercial photography, editorial photography gives you a lot more scope for showing off your creative side, and add to your portfolio.

Getting Into Editorial Photography

You could either choose to go solo and freelance in the field, or take a more traditional approach and join a photography agency. Most agencies actively look for amateur photographers in this field, and although there is no dearth of photography enthusiasts, there’s always room for more creative minds. You might want to focus on your strengths, and try to choose a line which appeals to you, rather than try your hand at everything. There are plenty of online sites as well, that promote upcoming talent in this field, and with time you might just have your own little fan base as well!

Photography Tips and Techniques

The beauty of this photography is the creative license and freedom of expression that you have. You are bound only by your imagination, and as they say, great photography is all about being at the right place at the right time. It is imperative that you do not think of only one single picture, but rather think of a sequence of pictures. Often it takes a hundred takes before you get that one perfect shot, and at times just a casual click might become the centerpiece of your entire portfolio. The key here is to be patient and click away, ‘cos you never know which one would turn out to be that perfect image. If you can manage to narrate a story of sorts through these photographs, it would greatly improve the chances of your photographs getting selected for publication. Here are some commonly known photojournalism photography tips that might seem rather obvious, but if taken care of can make all the difference between just another photograph and a breathtaking photograph.

Cutlines for your photographs are necessary. This refers to a brief description of the people, place, and situation captured in the photograph.
Obviously, the image quality of your photograph needs to be top-notch. Mediocre quality photographs have no chance of intriguing the viewer.
The format of the image and its size are also crucial factors. The images should not be RAW files and should be in the JPEG format. The image should also be 200 pixels per square inch.
It is also advisable to keep the Photoshopping of the image to a minimum.
The sequence to follow for the shots should be the main shot, opening shot, overall shot, detail shot, and closer shot.

Scope of Photography

The market is very competitive and overly subscribed. For a young inexperienced photographer to get into this field would require a lot of hard work and plenty of patience. Though the market for this field of photography has expanded due to the widespread revolution in printing, the number of photographers has made the competition rather intense.

In the foreseeable future, this rising trend might continue to prosper as the costs of publishing and maintaining publications have come down greatly, due to technology. This is a trend that may never occur for portrait photography or landscape photography. Tips for this type of photography though, will serve you well. So grab your camera and start snapping already.

Photography Tips for Golden Hour

Golden light photography is like being dealt a pair of aces in a game of Texas hold ’em. It’s a great hand, but you still have to raise the stakes to rake in some real moolah, you have to be careful not to go overboard with your bets and mess it up, and the five community cards can still mess up the hand of your life.

The golden hour is (approximately) an hour after sunrise and before sunset, and this time can vary from region to region. The light during this period is ideal for amateur photography, and a very helpful natural aid for the pros.

Photography is all about light and the best ways to manipulate it. In a studio setting the photographer is in full control of the lighting, and can determine just how ‘fresh’ the latest aspiring model would look. Nature, on the other hand, is a fickle mistress, and your best-laid plans can be ruined by the slightest of showers in the middle of summer. So it’s best to go along with the flitting moods of Mother Nature, and take advantage of the times when she’s helpful.

But first, let’s get something out of the way. Just why is the golden hour so important, and why is the golden light so venerated?

It is balanced
The golden hour is the perfect mixture of light and dark. The difference between the darkest and brightest elements of a photograph is the smallest during the golden hour. This means that you can take beautiful shots and experiment more, without fearing a blowout of the highlights or the abyssal darkness of the shadows.

It is soft
In photographic terms, golden light is very soft. Soft light doesn’t make you squint, and makes your subjects look better. Its effect is not just limited to human portraits, but extends to natural elements such as trees and sand. When contrasted against the beautiful golden light, even something as inanimate as a road looks warm and inviting.

It is warm
Speaking of warm, golden light has a high color temperature. There is very little blue light present, since it is dispersed by the Earth’s atmosphere, and the vivid reds and yellows are present in full bloom. This enhances skin tones, and brings about an effect similar to tanning. Who doesn’t like that much-vaunted bronzed look?

It Is 3D
Photography is the representation of 3D elements on a 2D medium. Golden light, with the inherently long and soft yet pronounced shadows, is the best tool to merge the two.
There are some simple tips for maximizing the gain from the golden light. Here are the prominent ones.

How To Capture The Golden Opportunity
Focus on the golden light

When you get up before the crack of dawn just to shoot the glorious sunrise, there is really no point in not focusing on the golden effect the light brings. As a photographer, you always have to be on the lookout for an inviting frame, but when shooting in the golden light, concentrate on shooting in the golden light. Try to capture frames that feature the golden light prominently, and make the golden light an element in your photos.

If you are photographing a client, try to schedule your sessions around dawn or, more preferably, dusk. If clicking away for fun, take the effort of getting up before the sun rises, and march to the perfect spot. The clicks will be worth it.

Keep your equipment ready

When the first, precious golden rays peek out from behind the doors of the horizon, do you want to be diving into the action head-on, or do you want to be setting up your tripod that always gets stuck precisely at the perfect moment, and sorting between your lenses?

The annoying thing about the wonderful golden hour is in the name – it only lasts for an hour, at most. More often than not, clouds will obscure the sun and other uncontrollable elements will be determined to get in and ruin your picture. The ideal lighting conditions in a golden hour actually last for less than half an hour. So keep your camera battle-ready, well before the sky turns yellow.

Don’t use the flash
If there’s one thing that ruins the whole effort made to use golden light, it’s using the flash. The flash has a very specific set of uses, and golden hour photography is not one of them. Use the beautiful natural light fully. If you intend to shoot both portraits and landscapes, do the portraits first, and use the tripod for the slower shutter speeds for the landscapes.

Use both front and back lighting
Fully explore the effects of front lighting and silhouettes at different times. Partial silhouettes and even full silhouettes early in the evening will look drastically different from silhouettes captured later on.

Adjust shutter speed according to aperture
Getting the aperture right can make or break a photograph; this is especially true in golden hour photography. Keep the aperture constant, and adjust the shutter speed according to the light reading. For candid portraits against the backdrop of the setting sun, keep the aperture wide (keep the f-number low), and use faster shutter speeds to catch that perfect smile. Use the tripod for landscapes, and keep the aperture small (keep the f-number high) to capture the intricate details of the silhouettes of trees, buildings, etc., with a slower shutter speed. A small aperture will also bring the Sun itself into the shot as a conspicuous element.

Underwater Photography Tips

In the year 1926, the hogfish taking its daily swim through the azure waters off the Florida Keys in the Gulf of Mexico, would never have imagined that it would be captured on camera and would also be framed in the first underwater color photograph ever available. Dr. William Longley and Charles Martin (National Geographic staff photographer) used their cameras encased in waterproof materials to start a phenomenon, they could never have imagined.

Underwater photography is about unveiling a world that exists beneath the deep seas. To master this art, one would need to be an excellent swimmer and know the latest deep-sea diving techniques. It requires the use of special photography equipment and also an eye for detail. It offers numerous challenges and provides a whole new world of opportunities to the photographer. Apart from being highly skilled in swimming, an underwater photographer must also be mentally prepared to face all the challenges he/she faces in the deep waters. Unavoidable natural circumstances may occur wherein the photographer may have to rely on his instinct and attitude to squirm out of a tricky situation.

For this kind of photography, one must always remember that the medium the light travels through is not air, but water. The main thing to watch out for by an underwater photographer is to maintain the balance of color and contrast. The subjects available can vary from the marine life to coral reefs, underwater caves, and shipwrecks. Every plunge in the roaring waves will reveal new subjects and landscapes to capture.

You would also require the latest equipment. The cameras should primarily have the sea mode, land mode, and also an external flash mode. This is essential to obtain better quality pictures even in the most adverse conditions. One of the most difficult aspects of this type of photography remains the use of the flash. The photographer has to achieve the right balance between natural light and the use of flash. Modern cameras have tried to implement new techniques to simplify this process, as natural light and visibility are often limited.

Underwater digital cameras also have built in features for color correction filters and flash diffusers and they are also equipped with complete storage and image editing software. This adds to the sophistication of the camera and also makes them easy to manipulate as per the situation.

The ones available today are completely high tech and are used not only for personal reasons but also for exploring, monitoring swim areas, and fishing and also for documenting shipwrecks. Today, we also have offshore trolling cameras. These have been designed specially for the videographers and fishermen.

Underwater photography has its own limitations in terms of the conditions the photographer has to face. But the true skill of the photographer solely remains in his/her ability to overcome these problems and shoot his/her best frame ever.

Basic Tips and Ideas

When you dive into the ocean, ensure you do it sans your camera. Diving with your camera will easily flood the camera with water. Therefore always procure or pass the equipment (once you are in the water) to another person on the boat.

Do not drag your equipment once you are in the deep waters. This may cause damage to the marine life.

Use an upward angle of the camera to obtain dramatic results.

Be constantly aware of all the dive gear that may float before your lens.

Ensure you use the empty space for text or graphics that can be added on, later.

The best time to take the plunge is around midday. The sun being overhead would illuminate the subjects underwater.

The underwater world changes often at the very blink of an eye. Perhaps this is what fascinates people all over and they overlook the risk factors and dive into the depth of the oceans. The vivid colors, the dangers lurking around the corner, the peace and the tranquility, all add to the mystery and aura of the underwater life. No prizes for guessing why this remains to be one of the most popular forms of photography even today

Portrait Photography Tips

You need not be an expert or professional at portrait photography to click a stunning portrait of your subject. A portrait can be defined as a person’s similitude. Though the definition is very simple, the portrait in itself has a deeper meaning. A portrait can capture the features, character or nature of the subject.

A great portrait is the one that reflects the uniqueness of the subject along with the “wow” factor. Now, if you are new at portrait photography, then keep in mind that there are simply no rules for capturing portraits.
How to Capture Stunning Portraits

Tools of The Trade

The very important tool that you require to create a wonderful portrait is a camera Search on the Internet or visit a nearby store to make yourself aware of the cameras available. Digital cameras make some of the best cameras to be used for portrait photography. They are easy to work with when compared with film cameras, due to their versatile nature and accuracy. Certain features of such cameras help to enhance the beauty of the portrait. Avail a good deal on a tripod while you’re at it.

Background

Decide the background or location where you want your subject to pose for the portrait. You can go for an outdoor or a studio portrait photography. Whatever location you choose, a plain background is usually a good option. This is a very important factor that will decide how good the portrait will result.
See that the location is not distracting. A distracting background may reduce the focus on your subject. Choose the background that will blend well with the physical features of the subject. You can use blurring effects to hide a distracting background. This will bring more focus on your subject.

Eye Contact

Eye contact or the direction of the eyes of the subject plays a significant role in snapping portraits. A different eye direction can bring great impact on the portrait. You can make your subject look at another subject within the frame, or you ask the subject look outside the frame as if the subject’s attention is towards something that is out of the focus of the camera lens. Else you can also make the subject look straight into the camera lens.

Lighting

One more important factor that decides the fate of the portrait is lighting. Natural daylight gives best results for portrait photography. You can experiment in innovative manners for different lighting effects. Shadow effects by introducing obstructions between the light source and the subject can give spectacular results. You cannot always rely on natural light and hence, many a time you may require to take help of artificial lights, in order to give better effects to the portrait.

The Perfect Shot

Catching the exact expression of the subject is a must for a beautiful portrait. Ensure that you make your subject comfortable throughout the session. The portrait should look natural and not artificial. Smile is not just an expression that you can capture in a portrait. Experiment with your subject’s expression, mood and come up with a unique style of the subject.

Take clicks with different angles and not in just horizontal and vertical directions. If the subject feels it uncomfortable to pose, take help of some props. This will help to make the portrait look more natural. See that you make a clever choice of props. The color combination of the prop and that of the subject’s outfit should compliment each other.
The basic tip for capturing a portrait is to keep it simple and natural and you will end up capturing a wonderful portrait. So what are you waiting for? Pick up your camera and shoot the best portrait you can.

Angle Shot in Photography

The Dutch angle is one of the photography/cinematography techniques in which all you have to do is tilt the camera for a different angle while clicking a picture.

The term can be defined as – a shot where the horizontal line of the object is not parallel with the bottom of the frame, whereas the vertical lines form an angle with the sides of the frame. This technique has many interesting stories about the names it has got. It is called a Dutch tilt, canted angle, oblique angle, or a German angle.

Why a German angle if it’s Dutch, you ask? In German, the German language is called “Deutsch”, and this was the original name. As years passed, the name was misspelled and ‘Deutsch’ became ‘Dutch’. So, this angle comes from Germany and it has been used since 1920.

The German directors used this technique when the Expressionist movement came in. As years passed, it came into Hollywood and was used in horror films. Many directors like Alfred Hitchcock, John Huston, Billy Wilder, etc., have used this technique and we all see the great outcome of it.

With this short history, let’s move on to how and why it is done. You can have a look at the photo gallery below and move on to understand the concept better.

What is Dutch Angle?

You must have already got a fair idea from the definition and the images presented above, so let’s move on to the finer details. First, understand why we take a straight picture. We match the lines with the frame to get the perfect straight picture. A horizontal line indicates stability and the vertical line indicates the right angle. This method focuses on considering the diagonals, instead of the straight lines. This will help to show the drama of the moment to a greater extent. You just have to tilt the camera in an appropriate angle, decide the composition, and focus!

Purpose

  • The main purpose of this angle in films or photographs is to show instability or tension of some kind. Not only that, it is used to show funny or light-hearted scenes too, which proves that it all depends on your creativity.
  • Another use of this shot is that it gives ample space. You can fit in extravagant heights just by tilting the camera. It gives you a wider perspective like a wide-angle lens.
  • The Dutch angle is also often used in automobile photography. This is done to give the showroom (static) car a more appealing look.

How to Use Dutch Angle

  • In movies, a special axis head is used to utilize the Dutch angle. The shot can be still or some panning and zooming can be done.
  • You are free to do variations in this angle, like starting with a normal angle and then shifting to the Dutch angle or maybe starting from one side and then reaching the other side.
  • In photography, find an appropriate acute or obtuse angle. This will give it some creativity.

Some Tips

  • Think about how a tilted angle will affect the lighting. Make a fair guess and then shoot the object.
  • While shooting a Dutch tilt, make sure that you shoot the same scene in the normal angle. This way, you will have a backup if that angle doesn’t seem appropriate, and in the end, you can choose which one looks the best.
  • This type has gained appreciation as well as criticism; hence, take care to not overdo it. Remember, a Dutch angle can create a great impact if used properly, or will get you criticism.

    The Dutch angle is just one of the techniques which makes an image visually aesthetic. Learn the other essential things as much as you can, and practice. Last but not the least, it is YOUR photography and you have the freedom to do it the way you like. Remember, you may not get the perfect shot at the first attempt, but click, click, and click. Practice, and in no time, you’ll reach your goal.

Creative Digital Photography Project

Everyone is an amateur photographer. With digital camera becoming cheaper and camera-enabled mobile phones giving better quality, it is extremely easy for a person to indulge in the hobby of photography. If you also would like to better your photography skills, then one way to do so would be to take up a photography project. There are many different ideas that you can choose from. In this article, we give you some of these ideas that you can use.

Digital Photography Projects

Coming up with ideas for a photography project can be at times cumbersome because most ideas that you come up with can seem repetitive and overdone. But you need to think differently. In order to create gorgeous images, you do not need unique subjects but a unique approach. Even the simplest of things can look extraordinary if you have the right vision. The ideas given in this article will hopefully help you capture images testament to that.

Intrigue in Nature

You do not have to be a great photographer to recognize the beauty that is in front on your eyes. There are some images that always intrigue and force you to think. How many times have you looked up at the sky and spotted various recognizable shapes in the clouds? On how many occasions have you looked at the spider weaving its web to admire the delicacy of it all? These are moments that are worth capturing on film. Sure, the concept has been used several times before and it will be used on many occasions in the future but every individual has a different way of looking at things and you will realize this in time and with patience.

Collections

What was your childhood hobby? Was it collecting rocks, stamps, or coins? Or did you have a more eclectic collection of matchboxes or coasters from different restaurants? If you know people who have worked on and built admirable collections of different things over the years, then ask them for permission to photograph the collections that they have created over the years. These can make for some amazing photographs. Create situations and place the collections in interesting positions to make the images more engaging. If you cannot find enough collections, then haunt flea markets to photograph different interesting shops that have been set up with delightful curios.

After Dark

Night photography can be challenging and rejuvenating all at once. Even the most experienced of photographers can face problems when it comes to clicking photos at night, thanks to the lighting issues at hand. But some of the best and most beautiful photos are clicked at night, and you should be able to capture some unique images at night. Do not restrict yourself to scenic landscapes. Cities with their mind-numbingly fast traffic can make for some great images. Play around with the shutter speed and you could capture some images that are synonymous with the way of the city.

The Emotive Face

Portrait photography is personal and truly a window into what a person is feeling and thinking. A portrait can reveal more about a person than what they say. Capturing different facial expressions can be a great photography project. Of course, with portrait photography it is important that you take a person’s permission before clicking a photograph. Use a model to pose for you and ask him or her to express different emotions. Use lighting and image sizes to create differentiation in the photographs.

365 Days

Normally when people talk about 365 days photography projects, they are talking about taking self portraits every single day for the next one year. But this is an idea with a twist. What you could do is pick out a place that you love, like the neighborhood park bench, and take photographs of the events that happen there and the people who come and sit there, everyday for the next 365 days. It could be the start of a brilliant photography collection.

Tips to Focus Your Camera in the Dark

A photograph is essentially a map of light. When you take a picture, you’re actually drawing up a recording of the light reflecting off the photographed object.

Shooting in the dark, without knowing where exactly to focus, can be quite a task. Shooting aimlessly would be the possible solution, but you might end up with a few dozen goofed-up pictures, especially when it involves taking portraits. Using the auto focus mode is literally of no use in the dark, for there is no light that will guide you towards your object. The best solution here, is to use the manual mode to lock your focus into the frame and then shoot.

Low light photography, and night photography for that matter, is all about trusting your instincts to get the best out of the little illumination available. The only way you can ensure a quality picture, is by keeping the shutter open for as long as possible. Remember, night photography or low light photography is about depth and dimension. It would be beneficial to avoid using the flash constantly, and ruin the photograph.

Turn Off Auto Focus

First things, first: turn off your camera’s auto focus feature. Use the manual mode to focus on your subject. The main reason to do this is because firstly, there is hardly any light for your lens to find what you want to set your focus on. And secondly, finding your focus in manual mode is relatively easier. Do remember to change the settings to manual mode, to avoid kicking the camera into auto focus at the wrong moment by accidentally pressing the shutter button.

Use Flash Pulse to Track The Focus

Flash pulse is nothing but a brief burst of light to help you find your subject in low light and night settings. The exposure time in this case exceeds the amount of flash captured by the camera. Press the shutter half-way to flicker the flash, thus illuminating the subject enough for you to focus. Remember to change the setting back to manual mode and turn off the flash, and click the perfect picture.

Use the Infinity Mode for Distant Subjects

Your camera comes with an infinity setting (the figure ‘8’ lying on its side) that allows you to focus on distant subjects. Using the infinity mode, you can set the focus on a distant source of light, thereby allowing you to find your subject easily. If you are planning to photograph the beauty of the night sky, it would be wise to use this setting, as it can automatically focus on bright objects like planets and stars.

Use Glow Sticks to Illuminate

Glow sticks or flashlights help to illuminate the subject, thus helping you to focus in low light and night settings. You cannot use this technique if your subject is relatively far away, but you can definitely use it for subjects that are in proximity to you and your camera. Once you set your focus, do remember to switch off the flash light. If need be, you can focus on your subject from a distance, thus throwing light on the subject to lend a different dimension to the picture.

Using an Infrared Beam
The IR assist beam in an autofocus camera switches on for a couple of seconds, allowing you to focus, and then switches off automatically, when your focus is fixed. Remember to purchase one for yourself, and to keep it handy in such situations. Hit your subject with the beam of light, and focus on your subject, then turn off the light and shoot your picture.

Keep Steady

Night photography can be tricky, you can fidget with the settings and yet end up with a soft photograph. To avoid this, ensure you mount your camera onto a tripod, and place it on a sturdy, flat surface. After it is set, ensure you do not topple or touch the tripod in any way.
Last but not the least, do remember to use a lens with a long focal length, if you want to focus on distant objects. In addition to that, taking high ISO images will help you confirm your focus. You can use tapes around the rings once you have focused the lens to avoid unexpected changes.

Basic Types of Photography Lighting

Lighting is an important part of good photography. It is an existing tool, which a photographer needs to exploit to take some of the best pictures. The type of lighting decides the mood of the photograph and the texture it might get. A light effect can make or break your shot. For amateur and avid outdoor photographers, natural light is the only available light source. Thus, it is very important to understand the types of photography lighting and how it can affect your photographs. Lighting with respect to photography is one such subject which most photographers continue to study even after taking some of the prize winning pictures. So read on to know what are some of the types of lighting in photography.

Types of Lighting in Photography

Outdoor Lighting
The way the light falls on a subject and the way you to use it, will decide the color, quality and the texture of the photograph. In a photo studio these factors can be controlled. However, when you are shooting outdoors neither the source of the light, nor the subject can be controlled. Hence you need to know exactly how to exploit the natural light resource. The natural light sources such as sunlight keeps changing by the hour. It also changes as per the seasons and the weather conditions. Constant changes in outdoor lighting can bring about changes in the tones, colors, shades, shapes and forms of your subject. Remember that the direction of the light changes with movement of the clouds too. Strong and direct outdoor sunlight produces sharp shadows and well-defined photographs. However, if the sunlight is diffused by mist, pollution or haze then it may produce weaker shadows and diffused highlights. Thus, to get the perfect shots, one needs to study the outdoor lighting for a day or two.

Side Lighting
Changes in lighting produce some very interesting effects. Side lighting is a natural lighting effect which highlights only one side of your subject. It creates a natural shading effect on your subjects, drawing attention to the most visible parts and adding a tinge of intrigue to parts which fade into the darkness. So get this effect, watch the movement of the sun and its effect on the subject. You can either change the angle of your camera or wait for the sun to move. As light predominantly falls on one side of the subject, it creates sharper shadows or diffused effect on the opposite side. Playing with side lighting gets easier and you can master the art of using outdoor lighting to your advantage.

Backlighting
Backlight is one of the basic light effects that a photographer needs to understand. When the light source comes directly on the camera, such that it illuminates the subject’s back, the source is known as a backlight. Outdoor shoots use backlight to capture some of the best silhouettes. You may require a reflector or fill-in flash to make the silhouette stand out. Avoid exposing the camera lens of the direct source of light to prevent lens flare.

Existing Light
Existing light is the type of light which is naturally available. For instance, lights from tables, floors, and ceiling lights, neon signs, windows, skylights, candles, fireplaces, auto mobile headlights, moonlight and twilight are considered as existing sources of light. Photographs taken in such kind of lighting look absolutely natural. Existing lighting allows a photographer to take some of the candid shots wherein the subject can be captured at its best. The pictures taken in this kind of lighting are pleasing to the eye as well, as it provides a soft texture of candid photography.

Diffuse Lighting
Diffused lighting is a softer lighter, which is usually used to create drama in photographs. This type of lighting brings out certain aspects of the subject, which are often lost in bright lighting. Light effect during cloudy weather, early morning light, twilight or single source of light create diffuse lighting effect. This creates pictures which have dull outlines, thereby giving it a softer feel. To create your own diffuse lighting effect, place an umbrella in front of your light source.

Three Point Lighting
Three point lighting is a kind of lighting wherein there are three sources of lights. Front or key lighting, side and backlighting is the combination of a three point lighting. With varying angles of these light effects, a photographer can create desired shadows or take well-defined pictures. A backlight makes the subject stand out against the backdrop, while the front light helps in providing much-needed illumination for the subject.

Visualization is the key for using these light sources to your advantage. If you can imagine how you want your picture to look like, then understanding the effects these lights create would be very easy.

Types of Photographers

A keen eye and an opportunistic mind are the basic elements which are required to produce some of the best photographs of the world. Saying that the field of photography is a diverse one would be an understatement. Nevertheless, let’s have a look at the various types, in brief.

Fashion Photographers
One of the most lucrative photography careers is the genre of fashion photography. The work is related to fashion shows, magazines, publications, etc. These photographers serve as a visual means of communication between the fashion world and the masses. Fashion photographers do the work of presenting the feel of the clothes and accessories, which are projected by fashion models.

Portrait Photographers
These photographers generally have studios as their work place. They work on individual and family portraits. Portrait photography is more in demand with respect to occasions like graduation day, birthday parties, vacations, etc.

Wedding Photographers
Weddings are all about moments; moments of happiness, surprise, nervousness, etc. That is the reason why these photographers are trained in capturing some of the most special moments, and in a variety of creative ways. Some people still prefer the traditional ways of getting their photographs, by standing still and wearing a smile, while most couples nowadays, prefer getting their big day photographed just the way it goes.

Events Photographers
These are professionals who have dedicated their knowledge and skill in containing moments of actions or events in their lenses. Event photography may deal with working on sports, political events, human conditions, traveling, etc.

Object Photographers
These photographers are ones who have a deep inclination towards the culinary world. They do the magic of carrying the delicious feel of various recipes, presenting them for catalogs, magazines, marketing publication, and finally bringing them to us. Although the job may seem to appear to be quite easy and fun, it is at the same time loaded with challenges. Objects or food photographers not only have to make the photographs appealing, they have to make them appear fresh in the magazines.

Nature Photographers
With a personal view, these photographers are well-versed with the keenest of sense and magnitude, to bring out the most ordinary look of mother nature, in the most extraordinary and unique ways.

So, as you can see, there is no limit to the types of photographers, given that there are so many dimensions in this career. What is appreciable about this art is that it has branched out in so many forms, and each of these forms are dedicated to different spheres of life.

Basic Guidelines about Photography

A photograph is not always a representation of what is seen, in fact, it often conveys many thoughts or ideas that are far apart from reality. The argument ‘can a photograph speak much more than words?’ remains till today. Well, this is surely an issue which also completely depends on the photograph.

Photography is not just about having the right equipment or studying the most advanced courses. A good photographer requires skill and keen powers of observation to be able to capture the best frame. Today, photography has surely advanced to higher proportions. It is no longer just a hobby, this is one of the most sought-after professions in recent times. To be a successful photographer requires practice, observation, the right equipment, and a little bit of ‘lady luck’ at times! If you have a keen interest in photography, then take a look at these techniques and tips that will act as your basic guide in the world of photography.

Basic Guidelines about Photography

The popularity of digital photography has led to newer inventions and improvements of the digital camera. The developments of these models have led to more and more people being introduced to this artistic medium. Often, digital cameras are the most in demand when it comes to the average traveler. But many photographers still prefer to use SLR cameras and choose the old-fashioned way to capture frames on film. The excitement of the photograph coming to life in a darkroom cannot be compared to the modern medium. This beginners guide to photography mentions some important points in relation to technical aspects as well as those from an artistic point of view.

Aperture Settings
Knowing accurate aperture settings is possible only with practice. This is particularly when photographers prefer to opt for the manual mode. A small aperture setting simply means more light can pass through the lens. A higher aperture setting means quite the opposite, less light can pass through the lens. Aperture settings are very important to control the actual lighting of a photograph. This always goes hand-in-hand with the shutter speed of a camera.

Shutter Speed
On manual cameras, shutter speeds are set in a dial on the top frame. By adjusting the shutter speed, one can control the time for which the shutter remains open when a photographer clicks a picture. Fast shutter speeds do not give the problem of ‘camera shake’. However, in low light, a photographer may need to open the aperture more and keep the shutter on a low speed. This is when there are more chances of a ‘camera shake’ due to low light. To get rid of this problem, photographers use the tripod stand for better photographs in the night hours.

Film Speed
Every film available has a speed rating. This is indicated in terms of ISO or ASA. This term is always affixed with the speed of the film, for example, 100 ISO/ASA or 400 ISO/ASA. The higher the number of the film, the lesser the amount of light required for a photograph. Therefore, films with a higher ISO/ASA can be used for low light situations. Films with a low number are meant for daylight. This is because the film is relatively low in terms of sensitivity.

Understand Light and Color
A good photographer should be able to understand the effect of light for a photograph. A person with good powers of observation will be able to understand the required amount of light needed for a stunning photograph. When there is too much light, the ultimate result will be a washed-out effect. When there is very little light, the photograph may appear unclear without the required amount of exposure. Observe and study works of famous photographers to understand the importance of light and the subsequent effect it has on colors.

Focus on Composition
Look at the subject in various angles. Try to think differently. Often, a beginner to photography tries to capture a scene without thinking about the different possibilities. If you are attempting nature photography, for example, try to look at the center focus from different points of view. This will help to hone the skills of looking at objects from various angles, and develop the ability to click the best possible composition.

As a photographer, you can study and observe the various genres of photography to be able to understand the kind of subject you are basically comfortable with. Practice and creativity will help you to sharpen your skills and turn yourself into a complete professional. Always allow your creativity to flow. The results will show for sure. Best of luck!